Devín Castle

The oldest settlement of the Devín Castle dates back to the Neolithic Age. In the Bronze Age, the hill-fort was fortified by a wooden-earth rampart of a grate construction. In the area of Devín, the Celts had been settled for about 100 years. This important settlement of Devín was destroyed by German troops in the second and third decades of the 1st century. The earliest Roman settlements in Devín from the beginning of the 1st century are testified by foundations of a several-storey wooden tower and a number of tiny findings. In total, the archaeological research discovered remains of four stone constructions from the Roman period. Also the earthwork surrounding the settlement in the north and east sides is dated back to the Roman period.

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Extremely valuable and unique is the finding from the Migration Period – a carbonized loaf of fermented bread found in a pre-oven pit, in a thick layer of burnt grain. The oldest written record of Devín is from 864, referring to Devín as Dowina. The foundations of a church with a longitudinal nave and three apses are the most important findings from the Great Moravian period. In the 13th century, the Devín Castle was a royal castle used as a border fortress of the Hungarian Kingdom. The first written record of it dates back to 1223. After the 15th century, the castle was owned by several noble families (the Garays, Counts from Svätý Jur and Pezinok, the Báthory and Pálffy families).

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In 1809, the Devín Castle was undermined by the French troops, and blasted away. Following this destruction, the Pálffy family lost their interest in the Castle turned into a ruin, and gradually falling into disrepair. In the 19th century, the Devín Castle became a Romantic symbol of the bygone glory, and inspired a number of artists and researchers. In addition, the site of this monument is an important geological, zoological and botanical location.